Hydrocephalus is a basic buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the hollow places inside the brain. The surplus fluid puts pressure on the brain, which might injury it.
If left untreated, hydrocephalus may be fatal.
The injury to the brain from hydrocephalus will cause a large variety of symptoms, including:
Different types of hydrocephalus will cause specific symptoms.
There are three main kinds of hydrocephalus:
Hydrocephalus will sometimes be treated employing a thin tube that is surgically deep-seated within the brain and drains off from the excess fluid.
An endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) will typically be used as another to shunt surgery. Throughout this procedure, a hole is formed in the floor of the brain to permit the treed fluid to escape to the surface, wherever it may be absorbed.
The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a system, known as a shunt. It consists of an extended, versatile tube with a valve that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction and at the right rate.
One finish of the tubing is sometimes placed in one of the brain’s ventricles. The tubing is then tunneled underneath the skin to a different part of the body — like the abdomen or a heart chamber — wherever the surplus fluid will be a lot of simply absorbed. Those that have hydrocephalus sometimes want a shunt system for the remainder of their lives. They need regular observance. Some people with hydrocephalus, notably kids, may want extra treatment, looking at the severity of long-run complications of hydrocephaly.
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